NAWABZADA LIAQUAT ALI KHAN
( The First Prime Minister of Pakistan)
Liaquat Ali Khan was born at Karnal, Haryana in 1895. He was the son of
Rukunuddaulah Sharnsher lung Nawab Rustarn Ali Khan, the Nawab of
Karnal. He did his graduation in 1918 from MAO College, Aligarh and
went to Exeter College, Oxford in 1922 and then Inner Temple for his
Bat-at-Law in 1922. On his return to India in 1923, he joined the All
India Muslim League.
Liaquat Ali Khan was a Member of the United Provinces Legislative
Council from t926-1940. He was elected Deputy President of the United
Provinces Legislative Council and held that office for six years. He
was also Leader of the Democratic Party of the Council.
1937, he went to London as a Member of the Indo-British Trade
Delegation. When Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad A1i Jinnah reorganised the All
India Muslim League in 1936, Mr. Liaquat Ali Khan was elected its
Honorary General Secretary. In 1940, he was elected to the Central
Legislative Assembly and became the Deputy Leader of the Muslim League.
He entered into an agreement with Bhulabai Desai on the question of
representation in the Interim Government known as
1946 he was appointed as a Member of the Governor General's Executive
Council and the Leader of the Muslim League Party in the Indian Interim
Government. He held the portfolio of Finance, being the first Indian
Finance Minister. The Budget for 1947-48 which he presented was
acclaimed throughout the Country as a 'Poor man's Budget'.
Ali Khan attended the Simla conference on behalf of the Muslim League
in 1945 and 1946. He was one of the most prominent of the All India
Muslim League Leaders and one of the most trusted Lieutenants of
Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah. He was Muslim League Delegate to All
Parties Convention at Calcutta in December 1928. He was elected
Secretary, All India Muslim League in 1936 and re-elected in 1938,
1940, 1941, 1942 and 1943. He was Member of the League Central
Parliamentary Board in 1936. He moved a resolution regarding certain
amendments in League Constitution in its historic 27th Session at
Lahore in March 1940. he was Convener, Action Committee of the League
and Member Parliamentary Board in 1943; he was also a Member Subjects
Committee League's Legislator's Convention held at Delhi in April 1945.
August 14, 1947, he became the first Prime Minister and the Minster of
Defence of the new Dominion of Pakistan. He wielded effective power and
provided dynamic leadership to Pakistan during the most crucial phase
of its history. He signed the "LIAQUAT-NEHRU PACT” in 1950 in New Delhi
on the problem of minorities. He was the Vice Chairman, Basic
Principles' Committee of the Constituent Assembly in March 1949, which
submitted its report in 1950.
died at the hands of an assassin on October 16. 1951 while addressing a
public meeting at Rawalpindi and was buried in the courtyard of the